CDC’s U.S. Diabetes Statistics Report, 2017
(Posted January 2018) The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) published its periodic statistics report on diabetes – one that provides information for a scientific audience on the state of diabetes in the United States. Much of the data published was garnered from 2015, while other statistics was based on age-adjusted data from 2011 – 2014. Information presented includes prevalence and incidence of diabetes, prediabetes, risk factors for complications, acute and long-term complications, deaths and costs related to diabetes treatment and care. Estimates were derived from the CDC’s data systems, Indian Health Service (HIS), Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ), the U.S. Census Bureau and published studies, among others. In addition, both fasting glucose and hemoglobin A1C (A1C) were used for estimating diabetes and prediabetes. An alpha level of .05 was used to determine the statistical difference between groups. The estimates presented, for the most part, do not differentiate between type 1 and type 2 diabetes, because type 2 diabetes accounts for 90 to 95 percent of all cases. Thus, data is more likely to be that of type 2 diabetes.
The following points present the highlights of some of the most pertinent data found:
• 30.3 million people or 9.4 percent of the U.S. population had diabetes in 2015; 30.2 million of those reported were adults (18 years or older), comprising 12.2 percent of U.S. adults. Children less than 18 years of age with diabetes reached 132,000 or .18 percent of the U.S. population; while those older than 20 years of age reached 193,000 or .24 percent of the U.S. population.
• Out of the 30.3 million of the U.S. population with diabetes in 2015, 23.1 million of those or 7.2 percent were diagnosed with diabetes, while 7.2 million or 23.8 percent were either undiagnosed or did not report having diabetes.
• The percentage of adults with diabetes increased with age, reaching a high of 25.2 percent of adults 65 years and older.
• Between 2013 – 2015, age-adjusted data for adults 18 years and older indicated that American Indians and Alaska natives had the highest prevalence of diabetes at 15.1 percent; non-Hispanic blacks at 12.7 percent; those of Hispanic ethnicity at 12.1 percent; non-Hispanic whites at 7.4 percent and Asians at 8 percent.